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˹ͧǧ ....... "лԷԹѹ"

 ˹ͧǧ ....... "лԷԹѹ"

           þҡؤӹҹͧ˹ͧǧ ͺô觡ҧԧʵ١ҹ¡ͧ "ʡ" 蹪§ҧŧҧԷʵʵ觤 ......... ͧ¢ͧҳʶҹӹǹҡ١ؤѨغѹ˵ؼŷ¡ "þѲФԭ"

           ҧáѧ觡ҧʴҡóӤѭҧʵҧúǹ 4 ѹѵ  21 - 22 չҤ (spring equinox or vernal equinox) ÷ѵ 22 - 23 ѹ¹ (fall equinox or autumnal equinox) ѹ 21 - 22 ѹҤ (winter solstice) ѹ 21 - 22 Զع¹ (summer solstice) ʧҹ 14 - 16 ¹ (maha songkran)

 

 

ҡеٴҹȵѹͧ͡˹ͧǧѧ 繻ҡóҧ㹪ǧʧҹ 14 - 16 ¹ ء

 

          ҡóӤѭҧʵ

             š⤨ͺǧҷԵѡɳ§ 23.5 ͧ зͧʧҷԵ;š¹˵سԺdzѧҡѹ֧Դ "Ĵ١" 4 ҧ

1. Ĵ 鹷ҡó "ѹѵ" (spring equinox) ѹ 21 - 22 չҤ 

2. Ĵ͹ 鹷ҡó "ѹ" (summer solstice) ѹ 21 - 22 Զع¹ 

3. Ĵǧ 鹷ҡó "÷ѵ" (fall equinox) ѹ 22 - 23 ѹ¹ 

4. Ĵ˹ 鹷ҡó "ѹ" (winter solstice) ѹ 21 - 22 ѹҤ

          ͡ҡҡóʵ 4 ѧӤѭա "ʧҹ" ǧѹ 14 - 16 ¹ ء ǧҷԵТ鹷Ҵ 80 ͧ ( 17 ͧ˹ 繵˹ʵͧѧѴʡŹ)    

 

š⤨ͺǧҷԵ§ 23.5 ͧ ԴĴ١

 

˹觡âеͧǧҷԵĴ١ŵҧ 

 

ԷԹѡҪ (Saka Calendar) ؤͧӹҨ çѺѡлҡóʵҧŧ лҡó鹴ѹ 1 ͧ͹ áóѹѵ (spring or vernal equinox) ѹ 1 ͹䨵 (Day 1 of Chaitra Month) 軯ԷԹҡŻѨغѹš ѵѵ ѹ 21 22 չҤ ....... 繷ѧࡵҡèѴèӹǹѹ͹ͧԷԹѡҪյŢ 30 ѹ 31 ѹ ¶֧ 6 ͹繪ǧҧѹ (short day) 30 ѹ 6 ͹ǧҧѹ (long day) 31 ѹ Ͷ֧շ 366 ѹ ͹áͧդ Chaitra Month 31 ѹ ѹ 1 Chaitra çѺѹ 21 չҤ

 

          ӹҹ˹ͧǧ

            ӹҹѺҪâͧͧҳʡŹҧԧҡ˹ѧ "ӹҹѧҵءѺ͢¤ѹҧɰԨѧͧ餹͹Ҥ⢧" ..ʾѹ ྪä ҨШӤʵѧʵ ԷҪѯʡŹ ѴԷҪѯʡŹ ͹Ҥ - Զع¹ 2554

          Ƕ֧ҧͧ˹ͧǧ¢ع;¾餹ҨҡͧԹûѵҵ駺ҹ͹dzȵѹͧ͡Һ˹ͧ dzҹӾ Ӻźҹ ⾹ ѧѴʡŹ ¡ͧ "˹ͧǧ" عԴصêе駪 "ط" ТзʹվТäԴ͡ԴӾؾ觢㹺dz§ ͢ع֧ЪҪ¡ط鹤᷹ͧͧԴ "ط"

         طͺѵԹҧ件֧༪ԭ˹ҡѺҹҤҶ蹪 "" Դõêд˵ط駤ҧķപѹ ҧطԹҧѺͧ˹ͧǧ Ҥդ鹨֧ҾäǡͺԴŧҧ繿ҹ͹ (͡) ͧҹͧ˹ͧǧЪҪ繿ҹ͹֧仺͡طҸԧᨡ ͵֡ҹ͹׹ҧ繾ҹҤҨͧẺǴ طѹ駵ǾҴҶ١ "ǧҤҪ" ѴͨªԵ ͧ˹ͧǧ١ŧ㹷Һ

          ҧáصêͧͧط 2 ԧ Ҥᴧ ö˹ʹ͡ ԧҧͧ˹ͧǧҧҹȵѹͧҺվиҵԧٹҧ ǹҤᴧ仵ͧ˹ͧù (Ѩغѹ˹ͧҹ ѧѴشøҹ) ЪҪ¡ԧâ鹤ͧͧ "óԧ" աáҧҷ˭ ҷ³ਧǧ ҷ лҷ Ѩغѹ¹͵ԷԾҹҧ "иҵ"

          ͹ ʡŨӹǹҡѧ¡Ѻ "ӹҹᴧйҧ" ...... ͧ繹Էҹ鹺ҹҢҹѹ¨ѧѴҤҹ͹ شøҹ ͹ Թ ä ʸ 駻 ӹҹطǷ˹ͧèѧѴʡŹ Ҿٹ԰ʴеٷҧͧʡŹ

 

 

Ҿٹ԰ʴͧǵӹҹط еͧʡŹ 

 

 

عҨҡͧǧ (ԹѰ) 

 

عͧҺdzҹҧҺ ѨغѹͺҹӾ .ҹ ⾹ ͧ "˹ͧǧ" 

 

駺ҹӾ㹻Ѩغѹ ҹȵѹͧ͡Һ˹ͧ 

 

 

عԴصêª "ط" վТäԴ͡ ԴӾغdz§ 

 

Ӿ繻ҡóҵ ѨغѹѧԴ㹪ǧĴٽеĴ˹ ҹӾ Ӻźҹ ⾹ 

 

 ԴӾ͸Ժѡ÷ҧԷʵ кҹӾ ٧ҡдѺӷ +160 ǹҹ㹺dz§дѺ +167 ԹҡҹҷҹӾ ҡժͧ٨ҡԹչӾ觢ҵѡԪҡ÷¡ Hydraulic Head (167 m - 160 m) 觵ӹҹط繻ҡó֧§ͧǷʹͧ 繷Ңͧ "ҹӾ" 

   

ط鹤᷹ͧͧԴҷªԵ

 

طչªͺѵ ѹ˹Թҧ件֧༪ԭ˹ҡѺҹҤҶ蹪 "" Դõ 駤ķപѹ֧ê 

 

 

Ҥ㨾Һҷŧҧ繿ҹ͹ (͡) ԴطҨ֧ͧ˹ͧǧ ͧطҺ֧͡͡ᨡ

 

ɯõҧ͡ҷáԹ

 

 

֡͡׹ҧ繾ҹҤҨͧǧҤҪѴ;طªԵ

 

           ѵʵͧҳʡŹ

                 ͡âͧŻҡкͧҳʡŹҧؤͧӹҨطȵɷ 15 - 16 ¢鹷¹ҳʶҹ иҵ иҵع³ਧǧ иҵش иҵԧ оҹ ͻ ..2478

 

 

Ҿ·ҧҡͧʡŹ ..2489 ѧ繤ͧٻẺѺͧҧͧؤͧӹҨ 

 

иҵԧٻçͧŻҹҧҧͺҷҧ 

 

 

еԹ¢ͧҷͧиҵԧ դӨ֡Ңҳ 

 

 ҷ ʹ٧ 520 ҡдѺӷ ..2490

 

 ҷ³ਧǧ ͻ ..2449

 

 

 ҷ ..2449 

 

оҹ ͤ駡ҴçҪҹҾʴҵǨҪ ͹Ҥ ..2449

 

          ˹ͧǧ ....... "лԷԹ"

 

                         Ӷ ...... лԷԹ ?

                          ӵͺ ...... þؤ͹ѵʵѧࡵ繴ǧҷԵ鹷ͺͧ㹵˹觷ҧѹЪǧ ǡѹ͵˹觴ǧҷԵ¹ҡȡ¹仴 ҡóẺ١ѹ֡㹤çӫǫ 㹷شػҵ˹觡͹ǢͧǧҷԵդѹѺĴ١ ֧ա÷ͧ´ʴظҵ ͹ԹҧçѺǧҷԵĴ١ ҡѲ觡ҧٻçҧ

 

 

þؤ͹ѵʵѧࡵҴǧҷԵ¹˹仾ѺĴ١Ũ֧ѭѡɳѧࡵʹǧҷԵѺҶ֧شĴ١ŨСѺ͹

 

þաþѲԸҧ͹ԹѭѡʴĴ١ǧҷԵ 㹷ش "лԷԹ"

 

ѡҳ龺ѡҹҡ¢ͧ "лԷԹ" ؤ͹ѵʵ

 

ͺҹͧԭ "лԷԹ" աþѲкҡ

 

лԷԹҳ Chankillo ˹ Landmark ͧ÷ͧ

 

Stonehenge ˹ѡҹ "лԷԹ" 觡ҧ˭ѧ

 

          Ҷ֧ؤͧӹҨԷԾѧԹᴹ˹ͧǧʡŹҳ ǡ黯ԷԹѡҪ (Saka Calendar) ʹͧѺҡóӤѭҧҵ ֧ҧҷѹ˹ҵçѺ˹觴ǧҷԵͻСͺԸա  ʹͧѺҡóӤѭ 4 Ĵ ѧ

 

ԷԹѡҪ ؤͧӹҨ  

 

             ҷ ...... ҡóѹѵ (spring equinox) ѹ 21 - 22 չҤ ÷ѵ (fall equinox) ѹ 22 - 23 ѹ¹  

 

ҷ硵躹ʹٻҧ͹Ҿ ҹ ӺŹǺ ;óҹԤ ʡŹ

 

ҷ硵躹ҷдѺ +520 ҡдѺӷ ٧ش㹺ôһҷ躹㹻 

 

ҷҧǵçѺȷ (4 cardinals) ѹ˹价ȵѹ͡ (true east) Ҵ 90 ͧ 

 

GPS ׹ѹ ҷѹ˹ҷҴ 90 ͧ ȵѹ͡

 

ǧҷԵ㹻ҡó "ѹѵ" (spring equinox) 21 - 22 չҤ 鹵çҧе 

 

ǧҷԵ㹻ҡó "÷ѵ" (fall equinox)  22 - 23 ѹ¹  

 

Ѩغѹءѹ "ѵ" ռ餹һСͺ "ԸѺѧ" ж·ʹʴҹ social media ·ҹԹʪʹѧ Ңͧྨ "ٴǧʵкѧմ" Facebook Sutthitham Phakphian

 

ѹǡѹͧҡó "ѵ" ǧҷԵ͹ŧʹҷ ͧҡд͹ä㹷Һ˹ͧ 

 

Զ (sun path) 㹻ҡóѵ 鹵çҧҷ ҷ³ਧǧ д͹ä 

 

 д͹äͧҡҷ硶١ʧҷԵ "ҡóѹѵ" ͧʧᴧ

 

 д͹äͧҡҷ "ҡó÷ѵ"

 

          ҷ³ਧǧ

                         ҹҵعǧ ӺŸҵԧ ͧʡŹ ١͡Ẻҧ͹ҷ ѹ˹ҵçѺȵѹ͡ Ҵ 90 ͧ ѺʧҷԵ㹻ҡóѵ 2 ´¶١ѧҹȵѹ͡¾ʶҧؤѨغѹ 

 

ҷ³ਧǧ١ʶҧؤѨغѹѧҹȵѹ֧͡öͧ繴ǧҷԵ㹻ҡóѵ 

 

 

ҷ³ਧǧҧǷȵѹ͡Ҵ 90 ͧ 

 

sunset 㹻ҡóѹѵ ȵѹ (true west) Ҵ 270 ͧ  

 

           оҹ Ѻҡó ѹ (winter solstice) Фѹ (summer solstice) 

 

оҹҧ˹һеͧʡŹ

 

 Ҿоҹͤ駡ҴçҪҹҾʴҵǨҪ÷ʡŹ ͹Ҥ ..2449

 

 

ҧǢͧоҹҡ 115 ͧ 295 ͧ çѺǧҷԵ㹻ҡó "ѹ" 21 - 22 ѹҤ дǧҷԵ쵡㹻ҡó "ѹ" ѹ 21 - 22 Զع¹

 

 

ǧҷԵ㹻ҡó "ѹ" (winter solstice) 鹷觡ҧоҹ

 

 

ҧͧʡŹҧǢҹѺоҹ ֧ͧ繴ǧҷԵ㹻ҡó "ѹ"

 

 

ҡѺö¹ҵͧʡŹ㹪ǧ 20 ѹҤ - 2 Ҥ 繴ǧҷԵ㹻ҡó "ѹ"  

 

Graphic ʴǧҷԵ쵡оҹ㹻ҡó "ѹ" 21 - 22 Զع¹

 

ҺþǢҹ鹢 繾ҹ "٢繻ҡóҧҹҹѺѹ"  

 

          ͧʡŹ иҵԧ (оѧͧ) оиҵش ....... ѺǧҷԵѹ "ʧҹ" 14 - 16 ¹

           ֡Ңҳͺеپиҵԧդ "ʧҹ" ǡѹ觡ҧҧҧ 80 ͧ ʵ͹Ѻ价ѹշ ҴǧҷԵ "" 

 

 

֡Ңҳͺеپиҵԧդ "ʧҹ" 

 

ʵҾͧ (simulation) ͹ѧ仾ѹվҴǧҷԵ "" Ҵ 80 ͧ (Azimuth 80 or Az 80) 

 

ͧҳʡŹ 觡ҧ "" (ͻѨغѹоѧͧ) ҧ 80 ͧ

 

 иҵԧҧҴ 80 ͧ

 

ǧѹʧҹ 14 - 16 ¹ ǧҷԵ鹵çѺ Center ͧиҵԧ Ҵ 80 ͧ

 

ԧͧҡ㹾âͧиҵԧ 繴ǧҷԵе١ҧѹʧҹ

 

ѹǡѹǧҷԵ 觡ҧͧ (оѧͧ) 

 

 

ǧҷԵҷ (оѧͧ) ԡѴҴ 80 ͧ (Az 80) 

 

иҵԧ оиҵش 駤ҧ 80 ͧ ͹ѹ

 

 

´Ҵҹȵѹͧ͡ҧͧҧͧиҵش١ѧʶ ֧ͧ繴ǧҷԵ

 

 

ԧǾиҵشշ 3 ͧҧ ١§ҹŧ 

 

ѺԡѴҧǢͧиҵش ѹ˹ҵçѺҴ 80 ͧ

 

㹪ǧѹʧҹ 14 - 16 ¹ ǧҷԵҷиҵشͧʧçѺҹͧҧҹ˹ (١ʶѧ)

 

          ҡó "ѵ" ѺѲؤ͹ѵʵ

            ҹ¸ʡŹ 鹾Ҿ¹ؤ͹ѵʵҾҴᴧٻҧ͹е⢴Թ +360 èҡдѺӷ ࢵ⤡ؾó

 

  

ҾҴҴؤ͹ѵʵѡɳ͹е Ǩ㹺dz§龺еԹԴ¸ҵ ѡҳըҡŻҡǨ͹ѹҤ 2566 ҾѡҹҪؤ͹ѵʵѺеٸҵ ҺҹҨ觾ӹѡͧþ¹ 

 

 

Ǩͺ GPS alignment ͧеԹҧ East - West Ҵ 90 ͧ 

 

ͧеٴҹȵѹ͡ дҹȵѹ çѺ˹觴ǧҷԵе㹻ҡóѵ

 

 

ҹ¸ʡŹõ駪ʶҹ觹 "е觡" þؤ͹ѵʵ繨شѧࡵ¹Ĵ

 

þؤ͹ѵʵҨ繻ҡóҧʵẺ

 

 

 

          ҹԨ·ѧ

             ˹ҷŻҡŧ鹷͹Ҿѹ 2567 о "¢մ 39 " dz˹ҼԹѺе觡 ........ µҢͧ¸ʡŹ ҷҹþҹ鹹ҨਵҺѹ֡ "ӹǹѹ繴ǧҷԵеҹͧе 39 " ͧӹdzԧʵФԵʵ ͧ繴ǧҷԵ 1 ѹ¹ ֧ 9 Ҥ ֧ҧἹ٨͹ѹ¹ 2567 Ҩԧ?

 

 

˹ҷŻҡŧ鹷о¢մԹѺе觡

 

¢մ͹ԹѺ 39  

 

Ըաäӹdzͧͧ繴ǧҷԵе 39 ҹе觡 

 

Ҿͧҧ¢մԹͧþؤ͹ѵʵ 

 

          лԷԹ 12 ҧؤѨغѹ͹ѧ ˹ͧ ...... ¹ԪҴʵʵ

 

 

 

 

 

          ػ

            ѧѴʡŹ㹻·ѭѡɳԧʵؤ͹ѵʵ ........ Ҷ֧ؤҳ ˹ҷ "лԷԹ" ʴҡóӤѭҧʵú 4 Ĵ + ȡ "ʧҹ" Ҿ٨ҹ 

 

Ἱʴ駢ͧлԷԹ㹨ѧѴʡŹ

 

            ҹö٨µͧԧШѡ

˵ؼŷͧ觻͡ʵ "лԷԹѹ" 㹪ش Unseen Thailand ..2547

 

 

 

             سԪ ǪҪ ѴӤӹ ѹ 24 Ҥ 2566 Pocket Book лԷԹѹ ҷ ʡŹ ҡŻѲ Ѻ¹ 2551 㹺Ժ " ҷԹ ԷԹ Шѧѧ"   

 

 

 

 

          ͹ ҨжҺþҹҧҹѵػʧ ....... ӵͺ "ѷҵͧ෾" "Ԫʵ" ....... شѴŧҧԷʵʵ觤 

 

 

 

 

 







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